The Tanzania Domestic Biogas Programme gets up to speed!
The current country capacity, annual construction between 200 and 400 plants, is too small for the programme to reach its numerical target during this first phase. Therefore, designing and implementing a sound dissemination strategy has high priority from the inception of the programme in January 2009. During this first year, besides facilitating the construction of biogas plants, the programme also focused on building an infrastructure of implementing partners for training, provision of credit to households and implementation.
By December 2009, the infrastructure of implementing partners comprised of 6 institutions and organizations. Among the 103 plants built by Masons or Biogas Construction Enterprises during the year, 50 plants were facilitated by implementing partners. This dynamic continued and was accelerated in 2010 with the inclusion of more implementing partners. A face lift of the TDBP implementing infrastructure is gradually taking shape as the programme has presently formalized partnerships with 11 institutions already for training, credit and programme implementation in specific regions of the country.
TDPB has actually outsourced all masons training to Vocational Education Training Authority (VETA) and Livestock Training Institute (LITI). For the other types of training like training of promoters, biogas users and also in the near future on bio-slurry use, more local partners will be approached. In the meantime, an agreement has been reached with Mwanga Rural Community Bank for piloting small scale biogas credit for learning and preparation towards up scaling. Based on the rising demand of dairy livestock keepers, Farm friends Tanzania has started to distribute biogas loans to around 40 members of Tanga Dairy Cooperative Union. For implementation, the programme has formalized, in several regions, contracts with most appropriate local actors for implementing programme activities in their natural zones of operation. Presently 7 contracts are in tune with the following local NGOs; Karatu Development Agency (KDA), Friends in Development (FIDE), MIGESADO Dodoma, Evangelical Lutheran Church in Tanzania (ELCT), OIKOS and KAMA and with 1 local Government Authority, Mbozi District Livestock Office, one Construction company – Korogwe Mechanical Engineering Company (KAMECO) while negotiations have started with 3 more local organizations to collaborate promoting domestic biogas use in their districts. In 2010, it is foreseen that at least 65 % of the annual target (1 250 domestic biogas plants) should come from implementing partners.
As per the end of March 2010, initial outcome of this realization is that during the first three months of 2010, TDBP has facilitated, directly and indirectly, the completion of 90 plants. In the meantime, while another 75 plants are under construction. Gradually, through this dissemination strategy, the programme is lifting the capacity of the sector towards its average target of 150 plants a month in 2010. Although the numerical number is still to be augmented, the production of the first three months in 2010 is already the same as for the whole 2009. Another outcome is the gradual creation and institutional embedment of biogas technology capacity in local structures. Finally, the roll out strategy formulated in the Programme Implementing Document is also timely realized without creating a heavy structure for TDBP and without major internal investment through the respect of the multi sector and multi stakeholders approach necessary for rapid and viable large scale dissemination.
Lehada Shila Cyprian, National Programme Coordinator TDBP, email@example.com
Peter Bos, SNV/Netherlands Development Organisation-Tanzania Biogas Advisor, firstname.lastname@example.org
Jean Marc Sika, Hivos-ABPP Fund Manager, email@example.com